Breckland Local Development Framework Progress Report and Update on recent Best Practice and Advice (Agenda Item 6)
- Meeting of Policy Development and Review Panel 1, Tuesday, 24th July, 2007 10.00 am (Item 43.)
- View the declarations of interest for item 43.
Report of the Operations Manager (Environment)
The Principal Planning Officer presented the report, which informed Members of progress on the Breckland Local Development Framework (LDF) and the latest best practice and advice on how to prepare the LDF and the new spatial planning agenda. Additionally, the report assessed Breckland’s progress on its LDF in relation to surrounding authorities. The report also re-affirmed the key tests to which every LDF, including Breckland’s, would be subject through the independent Examination process and drew out examples from those authorities who had so far failed to deliver a sound LDF.
The fact that guidance accompanying the 2004 Planning Act was continuing to evolve had impinged on progress of the LDF and there was a requirement to incorporate spatial planning within the LDF. This was a new element, moving away from the solely land-use planning approach which had previously underpinned the Local Plan system. In essence, spatial planning involved:
- Integrating policies for the development and use of land with other policies and programmes
- Having a vision based on sound evidence, local distinctiveness and community objectives
- Recognising the LDF is not exclusively a technical planning document but the local authority’s central delivery document, alongside the Sustainable Community Strategy
- Having aspirations for communities but also having a realistic and clear delivery framework
Breckland’s spatial planning would be informed by the Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS), the adoption of which would be delayed until autumn 2007 at the earliest to allow further time for impact assessments on European Habitats in the Region (a process known as Appropriate Assessment). This work would be critical to the Breckland context given the proximity of European Habitats to Thetford and that Breckland would need the clarity of the Regional Appropriate Assessment to advance its own LDF.
It was explained that, although the authority was in the third year of the new system and it was appreciated that there was some anxiety over the time being taken to produce the LDF, nevertheless Breckland was making reasonable progress in the local context and there were a number of factors which had influenced the position and needed to be taken into account. These included:
- Delays to the
Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS), as mentioned above.
- Evolving Government
guidance since the introduction of the Regulations to the new 2004
Planning Act resulting in a shift of emphasis towards the
development of more detailed and site specific Core Strategies
within the LDF, where previously the advice proposed a more
strategic and visionary approach to the LDF, where much of the
detail would have been delegated to into site specific documents,
area action plans and other supplementary documents.
- Developing and
maintaining an up-to-date evidence base to meet new
requirements. Breckland had made
considerable progress in producing the required evidence base but
there was a need now to update parts of that to meet the latest
Government guidance (i.e. Appropriate Assessment). The volume of work necessary to satisfy the
Appropriate Assessment was considerable and various research
projects were under way involving the RSPB and Forestry
- The LDF would become
a key delivery mechanism for the Sustainable Community
Strategy. The Breckland Local Strategic
Partnership (LSP) had committed to the refresh of the existing
Community Strategy into a Sustainable Community Strategy by early
2008. The preparation of both the LDF
and the Sustainable Community Strategy needed to be closely aligned
and to share a joint evidence base on the characteristics of the
area. A temporary Research Officer post
was therefore to be appointed for a three-month contract over the
summer to refine and update existing evidence collated to
- Staff turnover and resource was a critical element. The core team delivering the LDF consisted of two full-time officers, supported by the Environmental Planning Officer. Two planning policy officers had left the team over the last five months due to promotion, which reflected the current competitive market for planners. Recruitment and retention of planners was therefore an issue of risk to delivering the LDF.
These key factors were reflected in the timetable for the preparation of the LDF, as set out in the report.
Latest best practice and advice resulting from earlier LDF submissions by other authorities around the country showed that:
- Evidence needed to be
submitted with the document, not hastily prepared as an
afterthought once the document had been written.
- Core strategies
needed to add a local dimension to regional or national guidance
- Spatial planning
needed to be included; delivery was as critical as the use of
- Core Strategies
should pinpoint specific sites rather than suggest general
- Self-assessment should be a continual part of the process, not an add-on at the end.
Breckland was addressing the lessons learnt by other authorities.
The report also outlined the responses received to the LDF Development Choices consultation. In summary, the consultation was successful in providing additional detail on choices around the development strategy and the responses would enable the production of a more responsive and deliverable LDF.
The consultation revealed that the strategy options and level of development earmarked for the towns was on the right lines and deliverable. There was a need to look more closely at Attleborough and its transport issues and the presence of European habitats close to Thetford. There was widespread agreement that the LDF needed to look beyond 2021 to 2026 to ensure housing was delivered and there was long-term certainty about where development will occur. Options regarding reducing the density of developments in the villages to as low as 22 homes per hectare (9 per acre) and increasing parking in residential areas to reflect local circumstances also received significant endorsement.
Further work and more evidence was clearly needed around which villages should be identified as ‘Local Service Centres’ and how the LDF was going to address concerns about rural housing needs. A number of alternative Local Service Centre villages have been suggested (i.e. Bawdeswell, Shropham, Litcham) and this was balanced by comments in support of protecting the rural areas and limiting new development. In conclusion, the consultation did not reveal any major showstoppers at this stage which would prevent the delivery of a development strategy in broad alignment with that which was consulted on.
The following were the ‘tests of soundness’ that would be examined by the Planning Inspectorate against the Core Strategy and Development Control Policies document when it was submitted to the Secretary of State:
How the proposed change
relates to the core strategy (unless it is the core strategy
development plan document).
How it related to the
Whether it would be in
general conformity with the Regional Spatial Strategy and be
consistent with national planning policy.
Whether it was consistent
with any other development plan document.
Whether it was consistent
with other relevant plans and strategies which would affect the
delivery of the policies in the plan, e.g. local transport
Whether it had any
environmental, economic or social implications that had not already
been covered in the sustainability appraisal.
Whether the proposed change
required the preparation of a revised sustainability appraisal; if
so whether this had been done or, if not, how it was to be
8 What further consultation had been undertaken by the local planning authority in accordance with the Statement of Community Involvement.
Failure to submit a ‘sound’ document could result in either a binding Inspector’s Report with fundamental changes, or a Direction that the authority prepares, at its own expense, another document for submission.
The proposed timetable for Breckland’s LDF provided for:
- The adoption of the
Core Strategy and Development Control Policies document by early
- The adoption Site
Specifics document by end of 2010.
- The adoption of a Thetford Area Action Plan by end of 2010.
A copy of the revised timetable as tabled at the meeting is appended to these minutes.
A member asked whether there would be a policy gap between the expiration of the existing Local Plan in September this year and the adoption of the LDF. In reply, the Environmental Planning Manager explained that there was a mechanism in place to extend the use of planning policies for Development Control decisions. The Government was also encouraging the use of national planning guidance. Guidance was still being obtained on what was needed in this regard and a further report would be brought to the Panel at a future date. It was stressed, however, that there would not be a ‘policy gap’ and that there would be a policy framework to enable planning applications to be determined. This would be achieved through the use of existing Local Plan policies that were still relevant combined with national planning guidance where this superseded existing policies.
The Environmental Planning Manager added that many authorities were in the same position as Breckland, some of whom had much older Local Plans than Breckland’s. She also explained that while it would be possible to write some interim policies should it be felt necessary, they would, however, be given no weight by the Planning Inspectorate.
Another question concerned national policy guidance placing responsibility on local authorities to determine development on flood plains. The Environmental Planning Manager replied that the Council had carried out a flood risk assessment and that this was in the process of being re-assessed in the light of new guidance issued last year. However, some issues with flood plains concerned not so much their being built upon but more in relation to the fact that flood defences were not put in place in conjunction with such development. A key issue for authorities, therefore, was how to put in and manage appropriate protection measures. The view had also been taken not to permit developments in core river valleys.
The Environment Agency had been given a strengthened consultative role and a local authority would have to give very good reasons should it want to grant permission for development on a flood plain against the advice of the Environment Agency.
It was suggested it would be helpful for all members to have a copy plan of flood plains in their areas which could be used for reference purposes in their constituency roles. The Environmental Planning Manager agreed this was something that could be provided once the latest information was to hand.
A member drew attention to the issue of Thetford Growth Point Status and asked about the relationship between the various working and consultative groups and this Panel.
The Environmental Planning Manager explained that she was involved with all the groups to provide continuity with the LDF and the wider planning policy team to ensure emerging policies were complementary. The role of the Thetford Growth Point Status groups included wider funding issues.
The importance of close working between all the relevant agencies was endorsed by the Executive Member for Housing and Planning.
With regard to Local Service Centres, the Chairman highlighted the status of Carbrooke, which he felt was as large, if not larger, than some of the other villages identified for Local Service Centre classification. It was explained that the villages mentioned in the report were examples only at this stage and that more work was being done in this area. A report would be made to the Panel in due course.
So far as public consultation on progress of the LDF was concerned, it was confirmed that more and better use of communications media, including Breckland Voice and the use of newsletters, was being planned to keep members and the public informed of issues and progress with the LDF.
The Executive Member added that the issue of resources was also being addressed and other avenues of assistance being utilised wherever possible, including closer working with the County Council.
In response to a question about how other neighbouring authorities’ LDF programmes affected Breckland, it was explained that two-way consultation would take place to ensure each was aware of the other’s policies and programme etc.
In concluding the item, the Chairman thanked the officers for their attendance and it was
RESOLVED that the report be noted.